Gingivitis and periodontitis are very common dental diseases in everyone, but they are not too serious, affecting their lives, but they will cause many very dangerous health complications. Here's everything you need to know about these two oral diseases.

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, usually caused by a bacterial infection. If left untreated, this disease can become a more serious infection called periodontitis. According to the American Dental Association, gingivitis and periodontitis are the main causes of tooth loss in adults. Dental infections can worsen oral health, with both your health and your wallet at stake.

The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Healthy oral habits, such as brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and having regular dental check-ups, can help prevent and reverse gingivitis.

Symptom of gingivitis

The gums are strong and strong, pale pink in color and snugly around the teeth. Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

Swollen gums or dark red gums,

- Gums bleed easily when you brush or floss

- Halitosis

- Loose or shifting teeth

- Receding gum.

Reason of Gingivitis

The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque to form on the teeth, causing inflammation of the tissues surrounding the gums. Here's how plaque can lead to gingivitis:

Plaque forms on your teeth

Plaque is an invisible, sticky film composed mainly of bacteria that form on your teeth when starch and sugars in food interact with bacteria normally present in your mouth. Plaque needs to be removed daily because it resurfaces quickly.

Plaque turns into tartar

Plaque that builds up on your teeth can harden under the contour of your gums into tartar, where bacteria accumulate. Tartar makes plaque harder to remove, creating a barrier that protects bacteria and causes irritation along the gum line. You need a professional tooth cleaning to remove tartar.

Inflammatory gums

The longer plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, the more they irritate the gums, the gums surrounding the root, causing inflammation. Over time, your gums swell and bleed easily. Cavities can also lead to. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis and eventually tooth loss.

Complications for gingivitis

Untreated gingivitis can progress to gum disease that spreads to the underlying bone and tissue (periodontitis), a more serious condition that can lead to tooth loss.

Chronic gingivitis is believed to be associated with several systemic diseases such as respiratory disease, diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke and rheumatoid arthritis. Some studies show that the bacteria that cause periodontitis can enter the bloodstream through gum tissue, which can affect the heart, lungs, and other parts of the body.

Necrotizing fasciitis (NUG), a severe form of inflammatory gingivitis that causes pain, infection, bleeding gums, and ulcers. Trench mouths are rare in developed countries today, although it is common in developing countries with poor nutrition and poor living conditions.

Prevention of gingivitis

Good oral hygiene

Brushing your teeth for two minutes at least twice a day - in the morning and at bedtime - and flossing at least once a day are very basic hygiene practices. Ideally, brush your teeth after every main meal or snack, or follow your dentist's advice. Flossing before brushing allows you to remove food particles and bacteria.

Visit your dentist regularly

Schedule regular visits with your dentist for expert oral hygiene, usually every six to 12 months. If you have risk factors that increase your likelihood of developing periodontitis - such as dry mouth, taking certain drugs or smoking - you can see your doctor and get regular dental care. more often. Annual dental X-rays can help identify diseases that cannot be seen with a visual exam and track changes in your oral health.

Practice a healthy, moderate lifestyle

Practicing like eating healthy and managing blood sugar if you have diabetes is also important for maintaining gums health.


  • Home Dental - The only German standard dentistry chosen by the Embassy of Germany.
  • Address: 30 Trieu Viet Vuong, Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi
  • Website:
  • Direct guarantee and insurance support for more than 15 insurance companies
  • Hotline: 0243.8289999 / 0914 66 5656
  • Working time: 8:30 - 20:30 all days

Appointment schedule